Ground Proximity Awareness Training GPA

GPA

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Find an airport with a crosswind.

The student or new owner will fly down the runway at 10 feet above the runway in a crab. When we see the student relaxed, we make the next approached at 5 feet.

Pink Up

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When the students are nervous they grip the stick tightly and their fingernails turn white. We look for the fingers to pink up as a sign the student is relaxing.

GPA AT 5 FEET

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When the student is relaxed, we fly at 5 feet above the runway with correct aileron into the wind and opposite rudder to maintain runway center line.

Lower and Slower

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The throttle is set at 3300 RPM and flaps at 20 degrees. This produces 55 KIAS. The crosswind correction is maintained at all times.

CFI Controls Throttle

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As we approach 3 feet the CFI takes control of the throttle and the student controls the other forces.

55 KIAS will be maintained by using 3300 RPM. 3500 RPM will be needed on hot days and at gross weight.

Student gets Throttle

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When the student can stay very close to the runway and on the center line, the student has earned the control of the throttle. 

GPA CONTINUED

It is okay to Touch

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It is acceptable if the main wheels touch the runway occasionally during this exercise. 

Time for Landings

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When the student can maintain crosswind control and stay on the center line just inches off the ground, they are ready to make some landings.

The Art of Defying Gravity

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The new owner is now ready to earn a Bristell Art of Defying Gravity Challenge Coin.

The Landing Program

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  •  PLC
  • GPA
  • DFGAP


How to Earn a Coin

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The student must land within 400 feet of the touch down spot, on the mains, and on the center line on a day with a crosswind.

How to Earn a Coin

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After touch down , the power is reduced and the nose wheel is held off the runway while excess energy is dissipated.

why is gpa training so important?

Average School: 3-5 seconds in proper landing attitude

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The average school teaches a power off landing. The plane is in the correct landing attitude for about two seconds. It is imperative the student learns what the correct landing attitude looks like. It is hard to land when the plane is in the landing attitude for only two seconds.

Landing Doctor Method: 30 seconds in the proper landing attitude

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Use enough power to keep the plane from landing. The proper landing attitude is held for about 30 seconds. The student sees the proper landing attitude for 5 times longer than a power off landing. The student also learns not to land on the nose wheel.

Click on the TAB MORE and watch the GPA videos.

What is enough power?

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On a cool day with a light student, a small CFI, and 10 gallons in the tanks, 3300 RPM will hold 55 KIAS all the way down the runway.

On a hot day with a full load you may need 3600 RPM to hold 55 KIAS down the runway.

When do we go around?

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Go around with about 2000 feet of runway remaining so you have about 200 feet of altitude by the end of the runway.

Land on the Centerline

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 In order to learn proper crosswind control, pilots must develop the discipline of landing on the main gear and on the center line.

When GPA is mastered, the student is ready to learn normal Taxing, Takeoffs, Traffic Pattern and landings.

GPA Videos

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YouTube.com  GPA Videos

Technique: Don't let it land!  by Keith West

ASI Safety Tip: Greasing the Landing

My Best Landing Tip-MzeroA Flight Training

 

proper takeoff, climb, and traffic pattern

Sport Pilot Training-Start with a 10 hour package for $2000 FREE HOUSING

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Become a Sport Pilot in 3 weeks for as little as $135 per hour with a Certified Flight Instructor. Our beautiful academy home is close to the airport and as little as $30 per night. (2020 Pricing)  Career minded students can earn their LSA CFI in 4 months with $2000 down and $303 per month and get a guaranteed job. Located 60 miles south of Orlando.

Call Lou Mancuso @ 516-658-1847  to learn if you qualify.

Taxiing

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Use cushions and adjust the rudder pedals so your eyes are four inches above the glare shield. Good visibility over the nose will assist in making great, smooth landings. We begin our training with some gentle taxiing and when the student is ready  we taxi the length of the runway with the nose wheel slightly off the ground and over the center line.

www.sebringflightacademy.com

www.midislandair.com

www.bristellaircraft.com


Takeoff

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Apply correct aileron input and verify the engine is developing full power during the first few seconds of the takeoff roll. The engine RPM should indicate between 5000 and 5200 RPM. Let the plane fly off the runway when it is ready.

If the runway is less than 2500 feet we use 10 degrees of flap. The flaps are retracted at about 150 feet.


Our original school is Mid Island Flying School in Shirley, NY. Making Pilots since 1946

Call Evan @ 631-281-5400

Climb

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You should always be able to see over the nose!

You should always be able to see over the nose!

Our Flight Academy is located in Sebring, FL

www.sebringflightacademy.com

Turn to crosswind

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Your climb speed should be Vy +10 knots (75KIAS) prior to turning crosswind.

Your altitude must be within 300 feet of pattern altitude before turning crosswind.

Downwind

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If your indicated airspeed is above Vfe of 75 KIAS ( the Flap Extend Speed) close the throttle, ad 10 degrees flaps and set Throttle at 1/2.

Lower your nose in all turns.

DOWNWIND

Downwind

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 Use 3900 RPM, 10 degrees Flap, and trim for 75 KIAS

All power settings are approximate. On a hot day with a full load, more power will be required.

Abeam the Numbers

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Abeam the numbers: Reduce power to 3700 RPM, set the flaps to 20 degrees, trim the aircraft for 65 KIAS and turn onto base leg.

Base Leg

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After turning base leg, ask yourself: Am I too high,

 too low, or just right?

DO SOMETHING

DO SOMETHING

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You should be 500 AGL as you turn final. If after turning base, it looks like you will not be 500 feet AGL on final, then DO SOMETHING.

Final Approach

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Reduce power to 3500 RPM, set the flaps for 20 or 30 degrees, and 

re-Trim the plane for 60 KIAS.

Use power to hold 60 KIAS

DFGAP

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 At 200 AGL, if your airspeed is not 60 KIAS +/- 5 Knots and you are not lined up with the centerline, and you are not in your final flap configuration, then GO AROUND.

This is called the Defined Go Around Point.

FINAL APPROACH

Short Final

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Reduce power to 3300-3500 RPM,

Lower your nose and trim for 55 KIAS

Level Flight

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At the height of a car, add some back pressure to stop the descent and begin level flight.

This is the EYE TRANSITION POINT. 

Eye Transition Point

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Your eyes should look down the runway until you come to the end  and then focus on the trees at the end of the runway. 

Wait

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As the plane loses some energy, the airspeed will slow and the plane will begin to lose altitude. 

Add a little back pressure.

The Balloon

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If too much back pressure is used, the plane will climb to more than the height of a car. This is called a balloon. Full power must be added and a go-around initiated.

The Proper Landing Attitude

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When the nose is in a slight climb attitude the plane is ready for a safe landing. Just wait until more energy is dissipated  and the plane will land.

THE TOUCHDOWN

The Touch Down

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After the touch down, close the throttle , hold the nose slightly off the runway until some energy is dissipated and gently fly the nose wheel to the runway.

Best Results

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During an optimum landing, the pilot can see the runway over the glare shield during the entire landing. If the pilot loses sight of the runway, optimum control is lost and a hard landing may occur.

Crosswind Landings

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Aileron into the wind should increase as the plane slows and should be a full deflection at the end of the landing.

After the Landing

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Slow to the speed of a walk prior to turning off the runway.

On the Ramp

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Face the plane into the wind before shut down to assure canopy protection. 

Flaps and Wing Lockers

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Leave the flaps down 10 or 20 degrees to avoid flap damage as passengers step onto the wing spar.

Locking the wing lockers will prevent wind damage.

How to Earn a Coin

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 A go-around is initiated without letting the nose wheel touch. The student must avoid letting the nose get too high while accelerating to Vy (75kts) within ground effect.

How to Earn a Coin

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When Vy, best rate of climb, of 75 KIAS is obtained, the climb attitude of 10 degrees nose up is created. Vy + 10 or 85 KIAS is used until turning crosswind leg.

Why Earn a Coin

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Learning to land on the mains in a crosswind and on the centerline and then performing a go-around without letting the nose touch teaches the proper way to care for the nose wheel assembly.

Flying Level at 5 Feet

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Flying level at 5 feet is when your eyes look down the runway centerline to the end of the runway.

This is the eye transition point.

As the excess energy begins to dissipate slight back pressure is added.

The Landing Doctor

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Lou and Mike Mancuso have over 20,000 hours of flying experience.

They created the Landing Doctor three point learning Program.

The Landing Doctor

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Lou Mancuso is

"The Landing Doctor"

the landing doctor CODE

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FLY THE PLANE...FLY THE PLANE...FLY THE PLANE

The pilot must always maintain airspeed to control the plane.

YOU MUST SEE OVER THE NOSE

Use cushions to see 4 inches over the panel. With the wings level in a climb, the plane will not stall and therefore cannot enter a spin.

Stall/Spin on climb out

Stall speed increases with the degree of bank. Do not make a climbing turn until you have Vy, best rate of climb +10 knots.  

You must be in a level attitude when entering downwind leg

Do not make the first turn until you are within 300 feet of the downwind leg. This assures you will not be climbing as you turn onto downwind. You will be able to see traffic entering the pattern.

THE COFFIN CORNER

During left traffic, a strong left crosswind can cause unprepared pilots to overshoot the turn to final approach and find themselves in the COFFIN CORNER. If this happens....GO AROUND.

With a right crosswind in a left hand pattern, the turn from base leg to final approach must be delayed to assure proper line up with the runway as far out as possible

BALLOON LANDINGS

If you balloon a landing and find the plane more than 3 feet in the air....GO AROUND.

the landing doctor CODE CONTINUED

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NEVER TOUCH DOWN BEFORE THE NUMBERS

Some runways have a lip. Landing short can cause a serious accident.

ALWAYS LAND IN THE FIRST THIRD OF THE RUNWAY

If you land in the first third you will not run off the end of the runway.

90 MINUTES OF FUEL IS A SAFE RESERVE

The FAA law requires 30 minutes of fuel reserves. This is not for you.  This is not for me either...land with 90 minutes of fuel. In a Bristell that is 6 gallons at 50% power.

TEMPERATURE DEW POINT SPREAD

Fog can form when the temperature and dew point get within 5 degrees. If the temperature dew point spread is less than 6 degrees, do not leave the traffic pattern

PREFLIGHT- BE MORE CAREFUL AFTER MAINTENANCE

Do a more thorough pre-flight when the plane comes out of maintenance.  Consider staying local for one  flight. Listen to your engine. If it does not sound normal land and take a look.

ALWAYS HAVE A SOLID GOLD OUT

When you have a solid gold out, you can be a little more adventurous. 

landing doctor key phrases

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YOU MUST SEE OVER THE NOSE

If you can see over the nose during climb out, you will not have a departure stall.

LOWER YOUR NOSE IN THE TURN

Lowering the nose in all turns is a great habit and will avoid stalls.

DURING STALLS USE THE PHRASE, "EASE OFF THE BACK PRESSURE" FOR RECOVERY

DO NOT SAY, "PUSH THE STICK FORWARD"

ALL STALLS ARE IMMINENT

Recover from stall at the first sign.  Do not do full stalls. Departure stalls are are performed with only 4000 RPM and with a CFI on board.  "KEEP THE BALL CENTERED"

WHEN TEACHING GLIDES USE THIS PHRASE

"Lower the nose keep the wing flying and to keep us safe" "Lower the nose to keep the wing flying and to keep us safe."

FLY THE PLANE, FLY THE PLANE, FLY THE PLANE

During a crisis, you must maintain flying speed at all times. "FLY THE PLANE"

PLC PERSONAL LIMITATIONS CHECKLIST

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THE PERSONAL LIMITATIONS CHECKLIST

The PLC is the most important part of the Landing Doctor three part training program.

FREE COPY

You can download a free copy by visiting, sebringflightacademy

The PLC is under the tab, The Landing Doctor Code.

HIGHLIGHTS

ALWAYS LAND WITH 90 MINUTES FUEL RESERVE

ALWAYS LAND IN THE FIRST THIRD OF THE RUNWAY

Always land on the main gear with the nose wheel over the centerline .

IF THE ENGINE QUITS...SWITCH TANKS

The number one reason the engine quits is running out of fuel in one tank.

DO NOT LEAVE THE PATTERN IF THE TEMPERATURE DEW POINT SPREAD IS LESS THAN 6 DEGREES

Fog can form quickly when the spread is less than 6 degrees.

Bristell and Rotax quiz

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Bristell and Rotax Quiz

Go to the Sebring Flight academy web site and download a copy of the quiz.


The Rotax 915 141 HP Turbo

We are currently testing various propellers on the 915 to learn which prop is the best fit

We will have a Bristell 915 at Sun N Fun 2020

915 Demos will be available in Florida in 2020

Where can I find the quiz

Until it is on this site, the Quiz can be found at www.sebringflightacademy.com

How to check the fuel

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How to check the fuel level in a Bristell

 

Make sure the plane is on level ground

This fuel checking method only works on level surfaces

The tanks hold 16 gallons per side

Since the Bristell has a substantial dihedral, there is more fuel outboard. 

Look into the filler cap and down the tank wall

If you can see fuel touching the tank bottom, you have 6 gallons remaining in that tank.

When there is 6 gallons on the bottom there is 10 gallons on the top

If the fuel is half way up the side of the tank, you have 5 gallons plus the 6 gl on the bottom for a total of 11 gal.

  

departure stalls

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Departure Stalls

The Bristell has a high power to weight ratio and will have an excessively high and dangerous attitude if departure stalls are performed with full power.

Departure Stalls are only permitted with a CFI

4000 FEET AGL AND 4000 RPM

While performing clearing turns slow to lift off speed

Trim neutral, flaps 10 degrees, speed 45 KIAS

CENTER the BALL, SET THROTTLE AT 65% POWER, 4000 RPM

Gradually add back pressure until first sign of a stall

Lower to nose, add full power, and resume climb after obtaining 70 KIAS

Operational tips

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912iS Sport- Lane Lights

I had a problem for quite some time with the lane A light coming on when reducing power upon approach.  A call to Lockwood helped fix the issue.  It was suggested that I check the blue connectors at the coils to see if they were loose.  They weren't loose, but I disconnected them and added a couple of drops of dielectric grease to them. They are spade connectors.  That solved my problem, and another as well.  Most times on engine start, I wouldn't get an oil pressure reading at all until I shut down and restarted.

All is well now and I'm back to enjoying flying N122ZB!  I hope this help, Andrew.  Good luck!

Kurt

How to avoid high temps on the ground

During a long downwind taxi on a hot day, the engine will overheat. To prevent overheat, turn the plane into the wind, set the throttle at 3000 RPM for one minute. This will bring down the temps. Be sure the temps are normal before takeoff.

Defueling Tips

Never allow gas to flow through the air when defueling. the static electricity can cause a fire.

Proper Taxiing

Do not apply rudder pressure until the plane is moving. This technique will protect the dual Teleflex steering cables. 

Ground Handling

When using a tow bar, a hard turn can damage the Teleflex cables. Make gentle turns.

How to control temps on climb out

Control temps by climbing at 90 KIAS. If still hot, reduce the throttle by 200 RPM.